The sturdy, confident Jack Russell is a breed everyone knows. They date back to as early as the mid 1800’s where they were used as a hunting dog for small game, ideal for foxes as they were able to dig into their dens. Their name originates from a minister, name Rev. John Russell.
As they became so popular as working dogs, the Jack Russell Terrier Association of America, in 2003, changed their name to the Parsons Russell Terrier Association of America, from this time onward the working line of Terriers was known as the Jack Russell whilst the American show Terriers were known as the Parsons Russell Terrier (longer legged Jack Russell)
Today, they are great little family pets who always provide plenty of entertainment. They come in a smooth or rough coat in varying colours, breed standard states white should be the predominate colour with at least 51% of the coat being white with a mixture of either black or brown markings and in some rare cases brindle markings have been recorded. Both the smooth and rough coats are easy to groom and maintain with regular brushing and bathing only when needed.
From their past blood lines, the Jack Russell Terriers of today are a fearless breed. As with all dogs, if raised correctly around young children and other dogs they are great within the family. Being a strong-minded breed, they require a pack leader from day one to avoid any small dog syndrome issues. Training and boundaries need to be set and followed from a young age to avoid destructive and aggressive behaviours – which are a known trait of unruly Jack Russell’s. Daily exercise is a must, to help burn their physical and mental energy. They are known to be great jumpers so if their needs aren’t met, they may just take themselves off on their own adventure to explore and keep themselves busy.
Although a great little dog, the Jack Russell is not just for everyone and thrive in a balanced environment where they are part of the family but not the boss of the family.