The Chihuahua, easier to say then it is to spell, pronounced Chi-wah-wah, is the smallest breed of dog in the world.
This adorable little bundle of personality is native to Mexico, which is where their name came from, a state in Mexico called Chihuahua. As their history dates back so far, it is hard to trace what breeds came together to create the Chihuahua, however they were very popular with the upper class and were sacred to pre- Columbian Indian Nations.
They were loved for their tiny size, the smaller the better, some Chihuahua lovers valued them higher if they were 1.3kg or smaller.
Today this pint-sized little pooch is still loved for it’s tiny size but big personality. They weigh anywhere between 1kg – 3kg and come in a variety of colours, which can be solid or splashed, including black, white, fawn, silver, sable, tan and more.
Grooming care is very easy for Chihuahua’s, ensure that nail clipping and brushing begins from a young age to avoid any issues later in life. Long haired Chihuahua’s should be brushed daily whilst short coats can be brushed weekly to remove any dead coat.
Don’t let their little size fool you, the Chihuahua is an active dog who requires daily stimulation, both mental and physical. They do enjoy a play in a large, open contained space however take caution when socialising with larger breeds to avoid any physical injury to your Chihuahua.
The Chihuahua’s small size can bring its own challenges, with little dog syndrome being an issue for the breed. This develops when no boundaries or rules are set for a dog, they believe they are the pack leader and can lead to behavioural issues. Chihuahua’s from a young age should be well socialised, in new environments with both people and other pets. Rules should be set and always followed, for example eating after the family has eaten, walking next to their owner not in front, coming onto the couch when invited etc.
Dog’s are natural pack animals and look for leadership from their family. Providing this for any dog will help to keep a happy and natural balanced life for your dog and avoid any behavioural or social issues down the track.
The Chihuahua is perfect for singles, couple and families. If well socialised and exposed to new situations from a young age they can be a very confident, friendly little dog.